The Lantern Festival, one of the traditional Chinese festivals, is also known as the Spring Festival, the New Year’s Day, the New Year’s Eve or the Lantern Festival. The time is the 15th day of the first lunar month.
The first lunar month is the first month of the lunar calendar. The ancients called "night" as "xiao". The fifteenth of the first lunar month is the first full moon night of the year, so the fifteenth of the first lunar month is called the "Lantern Festival". According to the Taoist "Sanyuan", the fifteenth day of the first lunar month is also called the "Shangyuan Festival". The custom of Lantern Festival has been dominated by the custom of warm and festive lantern viewing since ancient times. [1-3]
The formation of the Lantern Festival takes a long time, rooted in the ancient customs of people turning on lanterns to pray for blessings. According to general information and folklore legends, the fifteenth day of the first lunar month has been valued in the Western Han Dynasty, but the fifteenth day of the first lunar month and the Lantern Festival as a national folk festival came after the Han and Wei dynasties. The rise of the custom of burning lanterns on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month is also related to the east spread of Buddhism. During the Tang Dynasty, Buddhism flourished. Officials and people generally "burned lanterns for Buddha" on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month. Buddhism lights spread throughout the people. Statutory matter.